Horace Parlan, an acclaimed jazz pianist whose style was unlike anyone else’s, largely because he had to compensate for a partly disabled hand, died on Feb. 23 in Korsor, Denmark. He was 86.
His death, in a nursing home, was announced by the Danish jazz historian Frank Buchmann-Moller. Mr. Parlan had lived in Denmark since 1972.
Unable to use the middle two fingers of his right hand, Mr. Parlan still forged a style that impressed critics — Robert Palmer of The New York Times praised his “combination of blues-rooted funk and exploratory zeal” — as well as his fellow musicians. The bassist and composer Charles Mingus gave him his first significant national exposure in the late 1950s; he worked with the saxophonist and flutist Rahsaan Roland Kirk in the mid-1960s; and he had a long and fruitful association with the saxophonist Archie Shepp, beginning in 1977.
Mr. Parlan’s approach to the piano required “developing a facility with my right hand that I worked out myself,” he explained to The New York Times in 1984. “I was trying to voice chords using as few notes as possible.”
Of necessity, he also made greater use of his left hand than most jazz pianists do when improvising melody lines. As he put it to JazzTimes magazine in 2000, “I had to find a groove of my own.”
Horace Lumont Parlan was born in Pittsburgh on Jan. 19, 1931. His parents, who adopted him when he was a few weeks old, gave him piano lessons as therapy when he was 7, two years after polio left him partly paralyzed on the right side of his body.
His teacher was not encouraging, and the lessons did not last long. He gave the piano another try with another teacher when he was 12, and this time he embraced the challenge.
Mr. Parlan studied law at the University of Pittsburgh at the urging of his parents. But he abandoned those studies after 18 months to pursue a career in jazz, and by 1952 he was performing regularly in Pittsburgh.