From Blakey to Brown, Como to Costa, Eckstine to Eldridge, Galbraith to Garner, Harris to Hines, Horne to Hyman, Jamal to Jefferson, Kelly to Klook; Mancini to Marmarosa, May to Mitchell, Negri to Nestico, Parlan to Ponder, Reed to Ruther, Strayhorn to Sullivan, Turk to Turrentine, Wade to Williams… the forthcoming publication Treasury of Pittsburgh Jazz Connections by Dr. Nelson Harrison and Dr. Ralph Proctor, Jr. will document the legacy of one of the world’s greatest jazz capitals.


Do you want to know who Dizzy Gillespie  idolized? Did you ever wonder who inspired Kenny Clarke and Art Blakey? Who was the pianist that mentored Monk, Bud Powell, Tad Dameron, Elmo Hope, Sarah Vaughan and Mel Torme? Who was Art Tatum’s idol and Nat Cole’s mentor? What musical quartet pioneered the concept adopted later by the Modern Jazz Quartet? Were you ever curious to know who taught saxophone to Stanley Turrentine or who taught piano to Ahmad Jamal? What community music school trained Robert McFerrin, Sr. for his history-making debut with the Metropolitan Opera? What virtually unknown pianist was a significant influence on young John Coltrane, Shirley Scott, McCoy Tyner, Bobby Timmons and Ray Bryant when he moved to Philadelphia from Pittsburgh in the 1940s?  Would you be surprised to know that Erroll Garner attended classes at the Julliard School of Music in New York and was at the top of his class in writing and arranging proficiency?


Some answers  can be gleaned from the postings on the Pittsburgh Jazz Network.


For almost 100 years the Pittsburgh region has been a metacenter of jazz originality that is second to no other in the history of jazz.  One of the best kept secrets in jazz folklore, the Pittsburgh Jazz Legacy has heretofore remained mythical.  We have dubbed it “the greatest story never told” since it has not been represented in writing before now in such a way as to be accessible to anyone seeking to know more about it.  When it was happening, little did we know how priceless the memories would become when the times were gone.


Today jazz is still king in Pittsburgh, with events, performances and activities happening all the time. The Pittsburgh Jazz Network is dedicated to celebrating and showcasing the places, artists and fans that carry on the legacy of Pittsburgh's jazz heritage.






Duke Ellington is first African-American and the first musician to solo on U.S. circulating coin



       In Her Own Words

The Planning Strategy from 7 Keys to Empowerment & Productivity - by Marty Khan

Artistic ability, business acumen, proper spirit, and a non
profit entity to handle all the details can provide the ideal
foundation for successful business. But just as a basketball team composed of
extraordinary players will not
necessarily produce a championship, these elements alone will not result in success without some governing concepts
to tie it all together and develop it properly.
So in this chapter we’re going to delve into seven key eleme
nts that are fundamental to career development and
especially for those to whom artistic integrity and personal dignity are of major importance.
These keys are:
Almost everything works by plan. Plans are essential for everything from constructing a building to waging a war to
playing a game of ball. Without proper planning, airplanes would be colliding, all roads would
be permanently
gridlocked, and we’d still be living in caves or trees. On a much simpler scale, we couldn’t get from one side of the
city to another in time for an appointment without a reasonable assessment of the various elements involved in getting
Imagine trying to play music with no compositions, unspecified instrumentation and no specific time or place to get
together and do it. Ludicrous, right? But that’s precisely how too many musicians pursue their careers. As stated
earlier, my exper
ience indicates that most musicians employ one of two “plans”: get a record deal so you can get
gigs; or get gigs so you can get a record deal. These aren’t plans, they’re wishes.
Earlier in
Part II
(p 45), I outlined a plan that we utilized in the devel
opment of the World Saxophone Quartet. A
little later in
Part IV
(pp 336
9), you’ll find another plan that we’ve utilized in all of our artist development activity to
both secure and get the most mileage out of live engagements. Later in this section, I’
ll also illustrate how an
unanticipated negative development forced us to reassess a situation, and
a new plan based on what we
learned from the problems we encountered. But these are just
specific examples
of planning. All successful activity i
almost every category of life requires a plan of one sort or another. Totally “free” improvisation may be fun, exciting,
exhilarating and adventurous, but it is certainly not the pathway to a successful career.
The process of successfully learning, impr
oving and maintaining musical skills requires a plan. What do I practice
and how do I coordinate it with gigs and rehearsals, a teaching schedule, a straight job, or the various aspects of daily
life? It takes a lot of discipline, but all that discipline
is worthless without a plan that will allow you to actually
something. Successful business requires even more of a plan, and almost as much discipline. And that’s
the fact whether you handle all the business on your own, through a non
or even if you entrust it entirely to
outside parties.
If you’re going the straight
ticket manager/agent/record label route, you still need a plan. Which manager? Which
agent? Can they work together? And can the label guy work with both, or either?
What’s the methodology?
Opening for bigger names? Working up from a local power base? Developing a regional
presence? Clubs or concerts? Performing arts facilities, colleges, alternative hipster joints or jazz clubs?
And the label?
time or small
independent? Long
term contract or one
off deal? Jazz or multi
genre? Should
you look for a label where you’ll be the biggest name on the roster; or try to hook up with a label with bigger names
that will increase your stature?
In my experience with mu
sicians, all of these questions are too often answered with a single depressing response:
“whatever I can get.” Now I’m not saying that this is a loser mentality, but it’s awfully hard to win with it unless you
are blessed with incredibly good luck, are
extraordinarily well connected, or are exceptionally treacherous and
and you’ll probably need all three of those elements.
Even if an artist or management team have considered these questions, and formulated a plan of pursuit on those
another set of questions arise. Work the door or only for guaranteed fees? Fixed ensemble of unknowns or
up groups of bigger names? Make a CD and try to sell it to a label, or pursue a deal to make a CD?
Management by contract for a specific period
of time or by handshake for as long as everybody’s comfortable? Or
something in the middle on all of the above.
These, and countless additional questions and options should be considered in your business decisions. Every
occurrence alters the pattern, a
nd new options may present themselves or old ones may need to be reconsidered.
Even the various elements involved in touring and performing require a good plan for the proper coordination that is
needed to make them be as successful as possible. Proper pl
anning is necessary to get the least expensive travel rates,
the most convenient hotels and the best circumstances for performance. The same goes for recording sessions, side
personnel, comfort factors and every other element of the professional life.
instability and exploitative nature of the jazz business demands the ability to capitalize on opportunity when it
manifests itself. It’s much easier to recognize and move on those opportunities when you can exert some level of
control over them.
only possible with a plan. It’s a lot like playing music. You don’t want to make it so tight
that there’s no room for spontaneity and magic. But there’s an element of order that’s always essential
composition, a set of chord changes, a series of mod
es, a rhythmic pulse or some other more mysterious level of
understanding and agreement between those who are playing it. Fundamentally, it’s a
Music doesn’t just happen. It’s the result of years of disciplined work and planning by individuals wh
o come together
with a mutual plan to create something special. To think great music happens by serendipity, or through plugging
into some cosmic energy, or by some intangible convergence of individual talents doesn’t do proper justice to those
who create
it. To think that you could accomplish it purely through such dubious means is a virtual guarantee that
Just like playing on changes, business decisions have to be made quickly and accurately. A slip
up can be rectified
fairly quickly with a
few good decisions, and sometimes may even open up some new and exciting areas to explore.
But everybody has to be on the same page so the individual decisions won’t throw off the balance and synergy needed
to keep things cooking at full throttle.
As an e
xample, let’s look at a circumstance that occurred in our early management days involving the Art Ensemble
of Chicago. When we first hooked up with them, the AEC was a major group in Europe and had five or six cities in
America where they could always per
form and draw well. One of those was New York City, where crowds of 800
1200 would usually attend their weeklong engagements.
When we organized their first full
fledged American tour in 1979 (20 cities over 40 days), we decided to self
the conclud
ing concert in New York City, expecting an audience of 600
700 fans. We drew under 400.
With a little research we realized that those 800
1200 fans who’d attended their previous club gigs included
repeat customers, and the audience we drew for the co
ncert was a more accurate representation of the
size of their
audience. We also found out that there was a nucleus of 150
200 who would attend three or four times during an
extended engagement.
So we booked the next gig at the Public Theater for four
shows over two nights in a 300 seat hall, knowing that as
many as 800 tickets would be sold to 200 people. With a new album coming out on ECM, we timed the gig with the
new release. All four shows sold out a week in advance with about 100 people milling
about the lobby each night in
hopes of getting in. We booked a return engagement in the same facility six months later, again doing publicity at
throttle. The four shows sold out
two weeks
in advance and the lobby was a mob scene of people trying t
o buy
other people’s tickets or finagle their way in one way or another.
Eight months later we sold out Town Hall, a 1500 seat venue.
Part of the success was due to the general management strategy, the group’s increased visibility from touring and a
good r
ecord company. But a
factor was our (somewhat cynical) recognition that people are intrigued by that
which is unavailable to them. We capitalized on that as a direct result of the
experience we had from that
first self
promoted concert. The
new plan of action was a necessary improvisation on an initially flawed strategy.
Even more importantly, this example shows that a pro
active stance is always essential. You can’t just sit back and
wait for a plan to take off and deliver the desired res
Pursuing a career by trying to position yourself so somebody will notice and make you a star (or maybe just take care
of your various needs); or just doing your best and staying positive that something good will happen, are pretty much
equally fruitle
ss approaches to success.
There are as many possible plans as there are individual artists. It’s the
of planning that needs to be
employed, not some cookie
cutter pattern that you can follow like learning to dance from footprints painted on the
oor. The plans referred to earlier in this
are here partially to provide some specific ideas that can
be applied directly. But even more importantly, I’m hoping to illustrate a
of thinking that, combined with the
other materials
in this book, will allow you to design an ideal plan for a successful, artistically rewarding and
dignified career.
Realistically, a musician cannot be expected to bring the same level of knowledge and talent to the business as to the
music. That’s why I
emphasize the team approach, even if it’s only a small team. But at the very least, the artist
needs to be aware of the plan, if only to handle his or her end of it and to make sure that it’s taking them where they

want to go

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