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PITTSBURGH JAZZ

 

From Blakey to Brown, Como to Costa, Eckstine to Eldridge, Galbraith to Garner, Harris to Hines, Horne to Hyman, Jamal to Jefferson, Kelly to Klook; Mancini to Marmarosa, May to Mitchell, Negri to Nestico, Parlan to Ponder, Reed to Ruther, Strayhorn to Sullivan, Turk to Turrentine, Wade to Williams… the forthcoming publication Treasury of Pittsburgh Jazz Connections by Dr. Nelson Harrison and Dr. Ralph Proctor, Jr. will document the legacy of one of the world’s greatest jazz capitals.

 

Do you want to know who Dizzy Gillespie  idolized? Did you ever wonder who inspired Kenny Clarke and Art Blakey? Who was the pianist that mentored Monk, Bud Powell, Tad Dameron, Elmo Hope, Sarah Vaughan and Mel Torme? Who was Art Tatum’s idol and Nat Cole’s mentor? What musical quartet pioneered the concept adopted later by the Modern Jazz Quartet? Were you ever curious to know who taught saxophone to Stanley Turrentine or who taught piano to Ahmad Jamal? What community music school trained Robert McFerrin, Sr. for his history-making debut with the Metropolitan Opera? What virtually unknown pianist was a significant influence on young John Coltrane, Shirley Scott, McCoy Tyner, Bobby Timmons and Ray Bryant when he moved to Philadelphia from Pittsburgh in the 1940s?  Would you be surprised to know that Erroll Garner attended classes at the Julliard School of Music in New York and was at the top of his class in writing and arranging proficiency?

 

Some answers  can be gleaned from the postings on the Pittsburgh Jazz Network.

 

For almost 100 years the Pittsburgh region has been a metacenter of jazz originality that is second to no other in the history of jazz.  One of the best kept secrets in jazz folklore, the Pittsburgh Jazz Legacy has heretofore remained mythical.  We have dubbed it “the greatest story never told” since it has not been represented in writing before now in such a way as to be accessible to anyone seeking to know more about it.  When it was happening, little did we know how priceless the memories would become when the times were gone.

 

Today jazz is still king in Pittsburgh, with events, performances and activities happening all the time. The Pittsburgh Jazz Network is dedicated to celebrating and showcasing the places, artists and fans that carry on the legacy of Pittsburgh's jazz heritage.

 

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Duke Ellington is first African-American and the first musician to solo on U.S. circulating coin

    MARY LOU WILLIAMS     

            INTERVIEW

       In Her Own Words

Eugene 'Woody' Smith, Pittsburgh bassist who played in The Temptations, dies at 76

Bassist Eugene
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Eugene 'Woody' Smith, Pittsburgh bassist who played in The Temptations, dies at 76

As they say about Motown backing musicians, Eugene “Woody” Smith did his time standing in the shadows.

The bassist from Homewood, having cut his teeth in Pittsburgh’s jazz clubs, would spend two years as a touring member of The Temptations, during the legendary group’s psychedelic-soul heyday of the early ’70s.

Mr. Smith, of Beaver Falls, died Monday at 76, after suffering from Alzheimer’s disease.

The musician spent his formative years, in the late ‘50s/early ‘60s, playing in the Westinghouse High School band under director Carl McVicker, who, in his 40 years there, had schooled such greats as Billy Strayhorn, Earl Garner and Ahmad Jamal.

In the late ’60s, as jazz was undergoing a revolution, Mr. Smith transitioned from upright to electric bass and played in Van and the Village Vanguards, an R&B/funk band led by drummer Van Harris, son of legendary Pittsburgh Courier photographer Teenie Harris.

From there, he helped pack The Fox in Shadyside as part of the rhythm section of the house band Cincinnati & The In-Crowd.

For The Temptations, the big hits began in 1964, with “My Girl,” featuring an iconic bassline played by Funk Brothers bassist James Jamerson, one of two famed Temptations bassists. The other was Pittsburgh native Bob Babbitt, a member of the Funk Brothers until 1972, when the group disbanded upon Motown’s move to Los Angeles.

That year, The Temptations released the chart-topping, Grammy-winning classic “Papa Was a Rollin' Stone” — Babbitt is credited for playing on the album — and on bass for the tour was Eugene “Woody” Smith.

“He already was a child prodigy and he was taught by the best, so when he auditioned for The Temps, it wasn’t that hard for him,” says childhood friend and Homewood-based music historian Darryl “Boogie” Dunn.

Dunn recalls seeing him with The Temptations when the band came through the Holiday House in Monroeville in 1973. He can be heard on the album “The Temptations in Japan,” released that year.

After two or three years with The Temptations, Mr. Smith realized he wasn’t a rolling stone.

“He said he just got tired of the road,” Mr. Dunn said. “He got tired of that type of lifestyle. I think that’s the turning point for a lot of musicians. Once they get to that point, that's a make-or-break period, and he found that that wasn't the life that he wanted to live.”

After the Temps stint, Mr. Smith returned to Western Pennsylvania and settled down in Beaver Falls with his wife, Emily Joyce, (now deceased) and daughter, Robin Owens Hill. He took a job for the Pennsylvania Railroad at Conway Yards.

The musical life wasn’t completely behind him. In the mid-2000s, he picked up the bass again, playing his last gigs with the Beaver Falls band Sounds Unlimited.

Keith Haskins, a member of Sounds Unlimited, wrote in a Facebook post, “As a young boy I idolized this man musically and as life would have it, played in a band beside him for over a decade. As accomplished as he was, bass player for the Temptations in the ’70s amongst several other legends of R&B/Jazz, he would never brag or talk above anyone.”

“He was a very humble person, but so talented,” said Ronnie Cox, who led Sounds Unlimited. “And he could read music. That set him apart from many of his counterparts.”

Otis Williams, the last surviving member of the original Temptations, said in a statement, “Woody was a wonderful person and a hell of a bass player. We really enjoyed working with him while touring in the 70’s. My sincere condolences to his daughter and family.”

Scott Mervis: smervis@post-gazette.com.

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Replies to This Discussion

RIP

My condolences to Woody's  family and friends.  I had the pleasure of working with him in 1968 to 1969 when I came home from Vietnam.   We were in a band based in Homewood called Sonny & The Satans.   That is Woody, wearing glasses and standing in the rear, in the photo below.  RIP my friend.   

Here's a photo of Woody, with The Temptations.

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