Pain Relief Beyond Belief





From Blakey to Brown, Como to Costa, Eckstine to Eldridge, Galbraith to Garner, Harris to Hines, Horne to Hyman, Jamal to Jefferson, Kelly to Klook; Mancini to Marmarosa, May to Mitchell, Negri to Nestico, Parlan to Ponder, Reed to Ruther, Strayhorn to Sullivan, Turk to Turrentine, Wade to Williams… the forthcoming publication Treasury of Pittsburgh Jazz Connections by Dr. Nelson Harrison and Dr. Ralph Proctor, Jr. will document the legacy of one of the world’s greatest jazz capitals.


Do you want to know who Dizzy Gillespie  idolized? Did you ever wonder who inspired Kenny Clarke and Art Blakey? Who was the pianist that mentored Monk, Bud Powell, Tad Dameron, Elmo Hope, Sarah Vaughan and Mel Torme? Who was Art Tatum’s idol and Nat Cole’s mentor? What musical quartet pioneered the concept adopted later by the Modern Jazz Quartet? Were you ever curious to know who taught saxophone to Stanley Turrentine or who taught piano to Ahmad Jamal? What community music school trained Robert McFerrin, Sr. for his history-making debut with the Metropolitan Opera? What virtually unknown pianist was a significant influence on young John Coltrane, Shirley Scott, McCoy Tyner, Bobby Timmons and Ray Bryant when he moved to Philadelphia from Pittsburgh in the 1940s?  Would you be surprised to know that Erroll Garner attended classes at the Julliard School of Music in New York and was at the top of his class in writing and arranging proficiency?


Some answers  can be gleaned from the postings on the Pittsburgh Jazz Network.


For almost 100 years the Pittsburgh region has been a metacenter of jazz originality that is second to no other in the history of jazz.  One of the best kept secrets in jazz folklore, the Pittsburgh Jazz Legacy has heretofore remained mythical.  We have dubbed it “the greatest story never told” since it has not been represented in writing before now in such a way as to be accessible to anyone seeking to know more about it.  When it was happening, little did we know how priceless the memories would become when the times were gone.


Today jazz is still king in Pittsburgh, with events, performances and activities happening all the time. The Pittsburgh Jazz Network is dedicated to celebrating and showcasing the places, artists and fans that carry on the legacy of Pittsburgh's jazz heritage.






Duke Ellington is first African-American and the first musician to solo on U.S. circulating coin



       In Her Own Words

Announcing New Acquisition: The Billy Strayhorn Collection - Liobrary of Congress

Announcing New Acquisition: The Billy Strayhorn Collection

Portrait of Billy Strayhorn. Billy Strayhorn Music Manuscripts and Estate Papers (Box 83, Folder 1), Music Division, Library of Congress.

In January of 2017, I traveled to a suburb outside of Phoenix, Arizona to meet Dr. Gregory Morris and family. Morris is the nephew of Billy Strayhorn and Executor of the Billy Strayhorn Estate. Dr. Morris, a retired educator originally from Pittsburgh, kept the collection in safe hands for nearly five decades. The papers, including holograph scores, manuscripts, photographs and business papers, are a treasure trove for researchers and scholars of 20th-century American music. It is of special interest for anyone interested in the work of Duke Ellington, with whom Strayhorn worked and collaborated until his early death from esophageal cancer in 1967. It’s taken nearly a year to process and catalog the collection, but researchers can now consult the online finding aid to the Billy Strayhorn Music Manuscripts and Estate Papers. As Dr. Carla Hayden, Librarian of Congress, announced this morning via video and press release, the collection is now available for researchers to consult in the Performing Arts Reading Room.

Additionally, to mark the announcement of the acquisition, I interviewed Dr. Morris via email about the importance of the collection and significance of the materials for scholars from various disciplines.

Billy Strayhorn died on May 31, 1967. Pick up the story from there. Did he discuss with you what he wanted for his papers?

A few years before my uncle, Billy Strayhorn, died, he asked if I would be the Executor of his estate. I asked what that meant and he said to take care of his stuff. I agreed to serve. Upon his death, I gathered his belongings and music from his apartment. I surmised from his comments that he wanted me to make certain that he got credit for all the work he had written. That meant that everything that had not been copyrighted should be copyrighted in his name.

Give an idea of what’s in the collection and how it might serve musical scholarship.

In the Billy Strayhorn collection, there are original manuscripts, titled and untitled, that would enable scholars to examine how Billy wrote music. He wrote many parts for specific musicians in the orchestra. A close study may reveal other secrets about Strayhorn’s approach to composition.

What kind of creative community did Billy emerge from in Pittsburgh?

Pittsburgh, a relatively small city, had a major symphony orchestra and opera company, as well as a Negro opera company. Billy studied classical piano for many years and then moved into jazz. Pittsburgh has a rich jazz history that produced Ahmad Jamal, Mary Lou Williams, Art Blakey, Billy Strayhorn, Ray Brown, Dakota Staton, Billy Eckstine, Dodo Marmarosa, Roy Eldridge, Erroll Garner, Earl “Fatha” Hines and many others. The free expression of the listening and learning of music flowed like the three rivers.

Essay entitled “Harmony” in Strayhorn’s hand, undated. Billy Strayhorn Music Manuscripts and Estate Papers (Box 86, folder 9).

What items resonate the most with you and the family? Surprises or revelations?

I was pleasantly surprised by the volume and variety of music Billy created such as “Valse,” “Chelsea Bridge,” “Lush Life,” “Upper Manhattan Medical Group,” “Take the ‘A’ Train,” “Swing Dance,” “Something to Live For” and “Blood Count.”

Do you feel Duke ever exploited Billy’s good nature?

Duke and his sister, Ruth Ellington, thought they owned everything Billy created and produced including songs he wrote prior to leaving Pittsburgh.

Can you tell from listening which pieces were composed by Duke vs Billy?

Personally, I cannot but Strayhorn aficionados can distinguish between the two.

We know which Strayhorn compositions are most famous. Any thoughts about which have the most musical significance?

Billy had so many different periods of writing. One significant period was in 1941 during the ASCAP strike. Billy was responsible for filling the Ellington band book with new songs since Ellington was restricted from performing any of his compositions on the radio — the radio was the life blood of the band. Billy’s most famous song was “Take the ‘A’ Train” which became Ellington’s theme song. There was also a string of titles that are some of the most often recorded today. Among these compositions was “Johnny Come Lately.” That and others like it revealed that Strayhorn was in tune with the soon-rising style of be-bop.

Any of his work before joining Ellington? (the show he wrote in high school, for example)

Before joining Duke Ellington, he wrote “Something To Live For” for his trio, The Mad Hatters, in Pittsburgh. He also wrote a production for Westinghouse High School entitled Fantastic Rhythm. From Fantastic Rhythm, “My Little Brown Book” remains. Billy also wrote “Lush Life” before leaving Pittsburgh. It is interesting that this title was never part of the Ellington book and Ellington never performed or recorded it.

What was the role of Walter Van De Leur in organizing the collection?

What I brought from Billy’s apartment was from my non-musical background lots of paper. I had many people look at it but no one came back until David Hadju introduced us to Walter van de Leur. Walter came to Pittsburgh to organize and catalog what we had brought from Billy’s apartment. Walter organized the manuscripts and spent 10 years studying the music. Since Walter was a Fellow in the Ellington Collection at The Smithsonian, he could compare the Ellington hand and the Strayhorn hand. As a result of Walter’s work, he took copies home to The Netherlands to have The Dutch Jazz Orchestra play them. The DJO eventually produced A Portrait of a Silk Thread: Newly Discovered Works of Billy Strayhorn.

What did you think of Van De Leur’s book and David Hajdu’s?

David Hajdu’s book Lush Life explored the life of Billy Strayhorn while Walter van de Leur’s book Something To Live For explored the music and the genius of Billy Strayhorn. Both were milestones in the effort to advance the legacy of Billy Strayhorn.

Are there any aspects of Billy’s life or work that have not yet been adequately examined?

A researcher can always find something to pique their interest.

What made you feel the Library of Congress was the appropriate home for the collection?

The Library of Congress was selected because it is the premier repository for valuable documents. The LOC is also easily accessed by scholars and being in our Nation’s Capitol, it is in close proximity to the many museums and research centers of The Smithsonian.

Photograph of Dr. Gregory Morris, his wife Thelma Morris, and Strayhorn scholar Alyce Claerbaut. Photograph by Larry Appelbaum.

One Comment

  1. cheryll chakrabarti
    November 29, 2018 at 1:22 pm

    This is a wonderful interview.

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